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PostSubject: Species List   Wed Dec 03, 2008 6:54 pm

List of the species on Zaltana so far :3

Wolf
Fox
Snow Leopard
Horse
Deer
Hawk
Lupogryph
Gryphon
Hippogryph
Tiger
Unicorn
Dragon
Phoenix
Homo sapiens aka you and me :)


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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 1:14 pm

The 'Wolf'



Any of three extant species of canine. The gray, or timber, wolf (Canis lupus) is the ancestor of all domestic dogs. It once had the largest distribution of any mammal except human beings, but it is now found primarily in Canada, Alaska, the Balkans, and Russia. Wolves are intelligent and social. Their primary prey are deer, moose, and caribou, though they feed on many smaller animals as well. A male gray wolf may be 7 ft (2 m) long and weigh up to 175 lb (80 kg); it is the largest living wild canid. Gray wolves live in hierarchical packs whose territories cover at least 38 sq mi (100 sq km) and hunt mostly at night. The much smaller red wolf (C. rufus), once widespread in the south-central U.S., has been bred in captivity and reintroduced. The Abyssinian wolf (C. simensis) of Ethiopia was formerly considered a jackal.


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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 1:17 pm

The 'Fox'

carnivorous mammal of the dog family, found throughout most of the Northern Hemisphere. It has a pointed face, short legs, long, thick fur, and a tail about one half to two thirds as long as the head and body, depending on the species. Solitary most of the year, foxes do not live in dens except in the breeding season; they sleep concealed in grasses or thickets, their tails curled around them for warmth. During the breeding season a fox pair establishes a den, often in a ground burrow made by another animal, in which the young are raised; the male hunts for the family. The young are on their own after about five months; the adults probably find new mates each season.
Foxes feed on insects, earthworms, small birds and mammals, eggs, carrion, and vegetable matter, especially fruits. Unlike other members of the dog family, which run down their prey, foxes usually hunt by stalking and pouncing. They are known for their raids on poultry but are nonetheless very beneficial to farmers as destroyers of rodents.

Foxes are occasionally preyed upon by larger carnivores, such as wolves and bobcats, as well as by humans and their dogs; birds of prey may capture the young. Despite extensive killing of foxes, most species continue to flourish. In Europe this is due in part to the regulatory laws passed for the benefit of hunters. Mounted foxhunting, with dogs, became popular in the 14th cent. and was later introduced into the Americas; special hunting dogs, called foxhounds, have been bred for this sport. Great Britain banned foxhunting in which the hounds kill the fox in 2005.


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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 1:21 pm

The 'Snow Leapord'



Weighing 35 to 55 kilograms (77-121 lbs),[5] the Snow Leopard can be distinguished from other similar species by its proportionately longer tail, which helps it maintain its balance on the rugged terrain and unstable surfaces of its habitat. The Snow Leopard's tail also doubles as a warmth cover and is used to cover its nose and mouth in very cold conditions. The male's head is usually much squarer and wider than that of the female. Its big furry feet act as snowshoes[5], like those of the lynxes. In summer, the Snow Leopard usually lives above the tree line on mountainous meadows and in rocky regions at an altitude of up to 6000 m. In winter, it comes down into the forests at an altitude of about 2000 m. It leads largely a solitary life, although mothers can rear cubs for extended periods of time in cave dens in the mountains.

The Snow Leopard has grey-and-white fur with numerous rosettes on the flanks and spots on the head and neck, similar to the Jaguar. Its tail is striped and can reach up to 90 cm long. It is an opportunistic feeder, eating whatever meat it can find; it often kills animals three times its size, including domestic livestock.[6] It ambushes prey from above when possible, as it can jump as far as 14 meters (46 feet).[7] Its agility often proves helpful when ambushing prey and traversing through mountains. Its diet consists of ibexes, the Bharal,[6] the Markhor, the Urial, boars, as well as marmots and other small rodents.


Habitat, population, and home range
The Snow Leopard's range in central and south Asia is rugged mountainous regions of approximately 1,230,000 square kilometers, which extends through 12 countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, Tibet, India, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan


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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 5:39 pm

The 'Horse'



The horse (Equus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus.

Horses have long been among the most economically important domesticated animals; however their importance has declined with the introduction of mechanization. The horse is a prominent figure in the ideals of religion, mythology, and art and plays an important role in transportation, agriculture, and warfare. Horses also serve as a source of food, fuel, and clothing.

Most breeds of horses are able to perform work such as carrying humans on their backs or be harnessed to pull objects such as carts or plows. However, horse breeds were developed to allow horses to be specialized for certain tasks; lighter horses for racing or riding, heavier horses for farming and other tasks requiring pulling power. Some horses, such as the miniature horse, can be kept as pets. In some societies, horses are a source of food, both meat and milk; in others it is taboo to consume them. In industrialized countries, horses are predominantly kept for leisure and sporting pursuits, while in other parts of the world they are used as working animals.

Because horses and humans have lived and worked together for thousands of years, an extensive specialized vocabulary has arisen to describe virtually every horse behavioral and anatomical characteristic with a high degree of precision.
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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 6:00 pm

The 'Deer'



Any of the ruminants in the family Cervidae, which have two large and two small hooves on each foot and antlers on the males of most species and on the females of some species. Deer live mainly in forests but may be found in deserts, tundra, and swamps and on high mountainsides. They are native to Europe, Asia, North America, South America, and northern Africa and have been introduced widely elsewhere. Females are usually called does, and males bucks. Deer range in shoulder height from the 12-in. (30-cm) pudu (genus Pudu) to the 6.5-ft (2-m) moose. They typically have a compact body, short tail, and long, slender ears. They shed their antlers each year, and new ones grow in. The general form of the antler varies among species. Deer feed on grass, twigs, bark, and shoots. They are hunted for their meat, hides, and antlers. See also caribou, elk, mule deer, muntjac, red deer, roe deer, white-tailed deer.


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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 6:01 pm

The 'Hawk'
[img]http://img697.imageshack.us/img697/170/hawkimage.png[/img]


Any of many small to medium-sized, diurnal birds of prey, particularly those in the genus Accipiter. The term is often applied to other birds in the Accipitridae family (including buzzards, harriers, and kites) and sometimes to certain falcons. Hawks usually eat small mammals, reptiles, and insects but occasionally kill birds. There is often no difference in plumage between sexes. Hawks are found on the six major continents. Most nest in trees, but some nest on the ground or on cliffs. True hawks (accipiters) can usually be distinguished in flight by their long tails and short, rounded wings. They are exemplified by the 12-in (30-cm) sharp-shinned hawk (A. striatus), gray above with fine rusty barring below, found throughout much of the New World. See also goshawk, sparrow hawk.


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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 6:05 pm

The 'Lupogryph'


In modern times, lupogryph is a common name for a gryphon with canine parts instead of feline parts. In old mythology, local names were used, rather than lupogryph. The Persian bird Simurgh was depicted as half-bird, half-dog, particularly in the early accounts. Simurgh represented the union between the earth and the sky. It roosted in the tree of life (Gaokerena), and lived in the land of the sacred Haoma plant, whose seeds could cure all evil. Simurgh suckled it's young, due to being part mammal. It had an enmity towards snakes. In one account of the Simurgh, it was said to live for 1700 years, before plunging itself into flames, as the phoenix does. In later Persian lore, the Simurgh was a symbol of divinity. This bird also appears in Russian and Caucosian lore.

Simurgh is also known as Semuru, Senmurv, Samurv, Semmurv, and Sinmru.
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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 6:06 pm

The 'Gryphon'

The average mythological gryphon had the head, wings and front talons of an eagle, and the body of a lion. Its back was covered with feathers. Very occasionally, a gryphon would have the tail of a serpent. Gryphons were huge - big enough to block out the sun.

The original gryphons lived in the mountains, and made nests of gold, called Eyries (Aeries). The Arimaspi, the one-eyed tribe of Scythia, often attempted to steal the gryphon's gold, so the gryphons had to be very vigilant. In some myths, the gryphons laid an egg of agate in these nests. In others, the gryphons placed agate in their nests for its medicinal value. Some say that the gryphons also guarded jasper and emeralds, as well as gold. They preyed on dead men, and devoured horses.

In Greece, the gryphon was sacred to Apollo as solar, Athene as wisdom, and Nemesis as retribution. These themes are also shown in other cultures. In hieroglyphics the gryphon represents heat and summer. In Assyria the gryphon, along with the dragon, was a symbol of wisdom. In Roman art, a gryphon is often depicted pulling the chariot of Nemesis.

The Arabian bird, the Angka, is sometimes represented as a gryphon. It is said that the Angka in gryphon form was created by God to destroy all wild beasts in Palestine.

The gryphon commonly appears in heraldry, where it represents strength and vigilance. It is the emblem of the hero. This was partially due to the gryphons duel nature. As Sir Thomas Browne said '[The Griffin is] an Emblem of valour and magnanimity, as being compounded of the Eagle and the Lion, the noblest Animals in their kinds...' This duality was why the gryphon was used to represent the dual nature of Christ, who is both human and divine. In English heraldry, male gryphons were sometimes depicted without wings; they had spikes were the wings would usually be.

There are many ways to spell gryphon, of which the most accepted are gryphon, griffin , griffon and griffeth.
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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 6:07 pm

The 'Hippogryph'

Hippogriffins have the wings, head, plumage, and front talons of a gryphon, and the lower part of a horse. The hippogriffin first appeared in Ariosto's 'Orlando Furioso', as the uncontrollable stead of the wizard Atlantis. The idea of the hippogriffin came from Virgil's metaphor 'Iungeant iam grypes equis' ('to cross gryphons with horses'), meaning to attempt the impossible. Ariosto's hippogriffin was a symbol of love. The hippogriffin appears mostly in medieval legends and heraldry.

Hippogriffins are also known as hippogriffs (hippogryphs), or hippogripps.
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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Thu Dec 04, 2008 6:10 pm

The 'Tiger'



The tiger (Panthera tigris) is a mammal of the Felidae family, the largest of four "big cats" in the Panthera genus.[3] Native to the mainland of Asia, the tiger is an apex predator and the largest feline species[4] in the world,[5][6] comparable in size to the biggest fossil felids.[7] The Bengal Tiger is the most common subspecies of tiger, constituting approximately 80% of the entire tiger population, and is found in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar and Nepal. It has disappeared from much of its former distribution including the Caucasus, Java and Bali.

The tiger is an endangered species, with the majority of the world's tigers now living in captivity.[8] Several subspecies are extinct and others critically endangered. Tigers have featured in ancient mythologies and folklore, and continue to be depicted in modern films and literature, as well as appearing on flags, coats of arms and as mascots for sporting teams. It is the national animal of India,[9] among other countries.
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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Fri Dec 05, 2008 9:24 am

The 'Unicorn'

Mythological animal resembling a white horse with a single horn on its forehead. The unicorn was depicted in Mesopotamian art and was referred to in the ancient myths of India and China. Its earliest description in Greek literature dates from c. 400 BC and probably refers to the Indian rhinoceros. The unicorn was believed to be fierce and difficult to capture, but if a virgin were brought before it, it would lay its head in the virgin's lap. Its horn was thought to offer protection against poison. Medieval writers associated the unicorn with Jesus, and the hunt for the unicorn was often represented in medieval art.
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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Fri Dec 05, 2008 9:26 am

The 'Dragon'


Legendary monster usually depicted as a huge, bat-winged, fire-breathing lizard or snake with a barbed tail. The dragon symbolized evil in the ancient Middle East, and the Egyptian god Apepi was the great serpent of the world of darkness. The Greeks and Romans sometimes represented dragons as evil creatures and sometimes as beneficent powers acquainted with the secrets of the earth. In Christianity the dragon symbolized sin and paganism, and saints such as St. George were shown triumphing over it. Used as warlike emblems in many cultures, dragons were carved on the prows of Norse ships and depicted on royal ensigns in medieval England. In the Far East the dragon was a beneficent creature, wingless but regarded as a power of the air. In China it symbolized yang in the yin-yang of cosmology, and it served as the emblem of the royal family.
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PostSubject: Re: Species List   Fri Dec 05, 2008 9:29 am

The 'Phoenix'



In ancient Egypt and in classical antiquity, a fabulous bird associated with the worship of the sun. The Egyptian phoenix was said to be as large as an eagle, with brilliant scarlet and gold plumage and a melodious cry. Only one phoenix existed at a time, and it lived no less than 500 years. As its end approached, it built a nest of aromatic boughs and spices, set it on fire, and was consumed in the flames. From the pyre was born a new phoenix, which sealed its predecessor's ashes in an egg of myrrh and flew to Heliopolis to deposit them on the altar of the sun god. The phoenix thus symbolized immortality
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